Very common in the provinces of Cuneo, Asti and Alessandria. It is also present in Oltrepò Pavese and the Piedmont and Liguria foothills.
The adult leaf is medium-small, ranging from pentagon- to wedge-shaped and with three or five lobes.
The blade is characterized by a smooth or finely bullate, shiny, dark green surface with purplish red veins.
The ripe Dolcetto bunch is medium-large, shaped like an elongated cone, not very compact and usually with well-developed wings; in most cases the pedicel is purplish red.
The berry is medium-small and black-blue.
Budbreak: medium or medium-early period (second ten days of April).
Ripening: medium-early (second ten days of September).
Dolcetto is a normally vigorous grape variety and gives high yields, but not consistently. The most common and suitable training system is the espalier, with Guyot pruning. It is susceptible to powdery and downy mildew, quite tolerant of mold and grape rot but subject to coulure (early berry loss).
Its fruit is used to make intensely colored wines with low acidity and a pleasantly bitter aftertaste, best drunk while young or after due aging.