Freisa is very common in most of Piedmont: from the Monferrato Astigiano and Casale districts, to the Langa in Cuneo; from the hills around Turin to those of the Saluzzo, Pinerolo, Canavese and Novara districts.
The adult leaf is medium-small, wedge-shaped and often with three lobes. The leaf page is light green with a flat profile and slightly puckered surface, with pinkish-green ribs.
The ripe bunch is medium-sized, not very compact, an elongated cylinder with one wing, often characterized by long stalks; the pedicel is very long.
The blue-black berry is medium-small.
Budbreak: Medium-late (last ten days of April).
Ripening: Medium (late September – early October).
This grape variety is characterized by medium-high vigor and medium productivity. Freisa needs long, bud-rich canes after pruning. Traditionally, it is grown on espaliers, and when Guyot-pruned, the fruiting cane has 12-14 buds. Freisa is quite resistant to diseases like downy mildew, mold and bunch rot, but it is sensitive to powdery mildew.
The grapes are rich in tannins, and impart the wine a pleasant fruity nose, a characteristic which is exalted in the customary semi-sparkling styles. Additionally, the abundant color and structure make it possible to produce still wines that can undergo moderate aging.