Alongside the Barbera, the wine that better connotes the entire Monferrato, in this area there are many other prestigious native vines, that give life to a unique biodiversity in the entire Italian wine scene. This biodiversity is well epitomized by the numerous Denominations that exist and that the Consortium protects.
In fact, starting from some productions that are extremely characterized territorially, we can arrive to the Piedmont DOC, which includes within it all the regional varieties. In this complex scenario, the Consortium operates to protect and develop all these Denominations, because it is convinced that each of them carries with it a unique history that has to be defended and promoted.
A wine is always expression of the environment where it is cultivated, that makes it unique. So it is essential that we highlight the characteristics of the hills where the Barbera d’Asti grows. The Monferrato has taken shape over 2 million years ago, as a result of the process of erosion triggered by the withdrawing of the water from the actual Po Valley. Concerning the land we can find in Monferrato, generally poor in organic matters and often dry in summer, we can distinguish two types of soils: the white lands and astesane sands.
The white lands are oldest; they are present in the area near Canelli, in the south of the Province of Asti, in the Alexandrian and in the area near Casale Monferrato. The wines produced from grapes that are cultivated here are full-bodied and rich in color, that is mantained for a long time. The astesane sands can be mainly find in the middle of the astesan Monferrato along the banks of Tanaro, on steeper hills. The wines that are produced here are characterized by a relatively low acidity and a faster ripening.